The American Civil War remains one of the most destructive events in North Carolina history. North Carolina sent nearly 126,000 men to serve in both Union and Confederate armies, participated in a portion of the 10,500 engagements that made up the conflict, and roughly 4700 men died as a result of combat and disease. The “Old North State” contributed nearly ninety regiments, battalions, and companies in total for service in both opposing forces, and another unknown number in other state units. The war transformed the state’s civilian population, and gave freedom to the nearly 331,059 African-Americans who were in bondage in 1860.
In 2010, the State Archives of North Carolina formed a committee to plan, coordinate, and encourage participation in the Archives' portion of the larger Office of Archives and History/Dept. of Cultural Resources observance of the Sesquicentennial of the American Civil War. Many of the materials on this page have their origin in the work of that committee, including the NC Civil War 150 blog and the digitized materials available through the North Carolina Digital Collections. A timeline of Civil War events is also available.
Archives Resources related to the Civil War:
Civil War finding aid
The Civil War Collection is an "artificial" collection of private papers and, to a limited extent, official records relating to the Civil War. The collection contains petitions for pardon, bounty payrolls, quartermaster department records (express receipts, vouchers, pay records, and supply and requisition records), disabled veterans' claims and correspondence pertaining to artificial limb companies, regimental and unit records, union regimental clothing books, regimental and unit records, muster rolls, correspondence and miscellaneous records Learn more about the Civil War materials available in the Military Collection on the finding aids page.
Digitized Civil War Collection - Read letters to and from soldiers during the course of the war. Examine published regimental histories. Search related state documents and selected governors’ correspondence and letter books. A growing number of resources relating to the Civil War are being digitized by the State Archives of North Carolina and the Government & Heritage Library at the State Library of North Carolina and are made available through the North Carolina Digital Collections for historians, researchers, students, genealogists and other interested parties.
Search a listing of Civil War monuments in North Carolina, including monuments and memorials honoring individuals, military units, or groups of individuals’ contributions to the Civil War. This survey is a work in progress, and contributions from members of the public are welcome.
North Carolina Maps is a comprehensive, online collection of historic maps of the Tar Heel State. Featuring maps from three of the state's largest map collections, including maps from 1860-1869.
NCpedia is an online encyclopedia created by the State Library of North Carolina. Its purpose is to highlight North Carolina's unique resources, people, and culture to enrich, educate, and inform. It has several entries that relate to the Civil War.